Volume 8, Issue 2 (2022)                   J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2022, 8(2): 207-218 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Moravvej G, Heidari Latibari M, Ghafouri Moghaddam M. New record of black fungus gnat (Diptera: Sciaroidea, Sciaridae) from Iran, with a first record for the fauna of the Middle East. J. Insect Biodivers. Syst. 2022; 8 (2) :207-218
URL: http://jibs.modares.ac.ir/article-36-58292-en.html
1- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran. , moravej@um.ac.ir
2- Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Yas com., Zahedan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Iran.
Abstract:   (509 Views)
This paper presents new information on black fungus gnats (Sciaridae) based on field studies at seven localities in Iran. Five sciarid species from the genera Bradysia Winnertz, Corynoptera Winnertz and Lycoriella Frey were collected with Malaise traps, yellow sticky traps, sweep net and an aspirator between 2015 and 2021: Bradysia cellarum Frey, 1948; B. ocellaris (Comstock, 1882); B. tilicola (Loew, 1850); Corynoptera fatigans (Johannsen, 1912); Lycoriella sativae (Johannsen, 1912). All species are first records for the Sistan and Baluchestan province. Bradysia tilicola (Loew) is new to Iran and was recorded for the first time in the Middle East. This brings the number of known sciarid species from Iran to seven. For five species are given a short morphological diagnosis and the global distribution. A map illustrates the distribution of all identified sciarid species in Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 9647 kb]   (151 Downloads)    

Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Systematics/Diptera
Received: 2021/12/31 | Accepted: 2022/03/8 | Published: 2022/04/11

References
1. Arimoto, M., Uesugi, R., Hinomoto, N., Sueyoshi, M. & Yoshimatsu, S.-I. (2018) Molecular marker to identify the fungus gnat, Bradysia sp. (Diptera: Sciaridae), a new pest of Welsh onion and carrot in Japan. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 53 (3), 419-424. [DOI:10.1007/s13355-018-0563-y]
2. Babytskiy, A.I., Zuieva, O.A., Bezsmertna, O.O. & Dudiak, I.D. (2019) The first records of Corynoptera species (Diptera, Sciaridae) from Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii, 53 (3), 227-236. [DOI:10.2478/vzoo-2019-0022]
3. Barzegar, S., Zamani, A.A., Abbasi, S. & Vafaei Shoushtari, R. (2014) New report of two species of black fungus gnats (Dip.: Sciaridae) from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 34 (2), 5-6.
4. Broadley, A., Kauschke, E. & Mohrig, W. (2018) Black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) found in association with cultivated plants and mushrooms in Australia, with notes on cosmopolitan pest species and biosecurity interceptions. Zootaxa, 4415 (2), 201-242. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4415.2.1]
5. Comstock, J.H. (1882) Report on miscellaneous insects. In: Riley, C.V. (ed.) Report of the Entomologist. Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture, 1882 (1881), 195-214.
6. Ebejer, M.J. & Gatt, P. (2021) A checklist of the Diptera of the Maltese Islands. Zootaxa, 5018 (1), 1-75. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.5018.1.1]
7. El Ouazzani, N.E.H., Heller, K. & Kettani, K. (2019) The first checklist of black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of Morocco. Annales de la Société entomologique de France, nouvelle série, 55 (3), 274-290. [DOI:10.1080/00379271.2019.1570826]
8. Frey, R. (1948) Entwurf einer neuen Klassifikation der Mückenfamilie Sciaridae (Lycoriidae). II. Die nordeuro-päischen Arten. Notulae Entomologicae, 27 (2-4), 33-112.
9. Heidari Latibari, M., Moravvej, G., Heller, K., Rulik, B & Sadeghi Namaghi, H. (2016a) New records of black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) from Iran, including the reinstatement of Bradysia cellarum Frey. Studia dipterologica, 22 (1) (2015), 39-45.
10. Heidari Latibari, M., Moravvej, G. & Sadeghi Namaghi, H. (2016b) First report of three species of dark-winged fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae), on Pinus mugo Turra, from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran, 35 (4), 75-76.
11. Heller, K. & Menzel, F. (2009): Sciaridae Billberg, 1820. In: Jedlička, L., Kúdela, M. & Stloukalová, V. (eds.) Checklist of Diptera of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Electronic version 2, Comenius University, Bratislava, http://www.edvis.sk/diptera2009/families/sciaridae.htm [Accessed 12th January 2022].
12. Heller, K. & Menzel, F. (2017) Fauna Europaea: Sciaridae. In: Beuk, P.L.T. & Pape, T. (eds.) Fauna Europaea: Diptera, Nematocera. Fauna Europaea, Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung, Berlin, database version 2017.06, https://fauna-eu.org/cdm_dataportal/taxon/fbaa51a2-6eb4-46e6-ae1a-fbfd243a7950 [Accessed 12th January 2022].
13. Heller, K., Vilkamaa, P. & Hippa, H. (2009) An annotated check list of Swedish black fungus gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae). Sahlbergia, 15 (1), 23-51.
14. Hippa, H., Vilkamaa, P. & Heller, K. (2010) Review of the Holarctic Corynoptera Winnertz, 1867, s. str. (Diptera, Sciaridae). Zootaxa, 2695, 1-197. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.2695.1.1]
15. Johannsen, O.A. (1912) The fungus gnats of North America, Part IV (conclusion). Bulletin of the Maine Agricultural Experimental Station, 200, 57-146. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.86614]
16. Katumanyane, A., Kanzi, A.M. & Malan, A.P. (2020) Sciarid pests (Diptera: Sciaridae) from undercover crop production in South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 116 (3-4), 79-84. [DOI:10.17159/sajs.2020/6822]
17. Kolcsár, L.-P. & Heller, K. (2019) First DNA barcodes and records of Sciaridae (Insecta, Diptera) from Romania. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 43 (3), 290-296. [DOI:10.3906/zoo-1801-6]
18. Loew, H. (1850) Dipterologische Beiträge, Vierter Theil. J. J. Heine, Posen [Poznan], 40 p.
19. Menzel, F. (2000) Die Trauermücken-Fauna der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Diptera: Sciaridae). Beiträge zur Entomologie, 50 (2), 317-355. [DOI:10.21248/contrib.entomol.50.2.317-355]
20. Menzel, F. (2018) Neue Funde von Trauermücken (Insecta: Diptera: Sciaridae) in Deutschland nebst einigen Korrekturen zur Nomenklatur und Systematik. Vernate, 37, 401-433.
21. Menzel, F. & Mohrig, W. (2000) Revision der paläarktischen Trauermücken (Diptera: Sciaridae). Studia dipterologica Supplement, 6 (1999), Ampyx-Verlag, Halle (Saale), 761 p.
22. Menzel, F. & Heller, K. (2007) Bemerkungen zur Nomenklatur der Sciariden (Diptera, Bibionomorpha: Sciaridae). Studia dipterolo‌gica, 13 (2) (2006), 209-229.
23. Menzel, F. & Smith, J.E. (2009) Family Sciaridae. In: Gerlach, J. (ed.) The Diptera of the Seychelles islands. Pensoft Series Faunistica, 85, Pensoft Publisher, Sofia & Moscow, pp. 19-45.
24. Menzel, F. & Satayeva, A.R. (2010) Neue Trauermücken-Funde (Diptera: Sciaridae) aus Ägypten. Studia diptero-logica, 16 (1-2) (2009), 241-242.
25. Menzel, F. & Elsayed, A.K. (2013) The first record of Bradysia ocellaris (Comstock) (Diptera: Sciaridae) from Egypt. Studia dipterologica, 19 (1-2) (2012), 139-140.
26. Menzel, F. & Smith J.E. (2017) 21 Sciaridae (Black Fungus Gnats). In: Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Sinclair, B.J. (eds.) Manual of Afrotropical Diptera, Volume 2. Nematocerous Diptera and lower Brachycera. Suricata, Volume 5. SANBI Graphics & Editing, Pretoria, pp. 557-580.
27. Menzel, F. & Vilkamaa, P. (2021) New species and records of Lycoriella Frey (Diptera, Sciaridae) from the Holarctic region. Zootaxa, 5072 (6), 501-530. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.5072.6.1]
28. Menzel, F., Smith, J.E. & Colauto, N.B. (2003) Bradysia difformis Frey and Bradysia ocellaris (Com‌stock): two additional Neotropical species of black fungus gnats (Di‌ptera: Sciaridae) of economic importance: a redescription and review. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 96 (4), 448-457. [DOI:10.1603/0013-8746(2003)096[0448:BDFABO]2.0.CO;2]
29. Menzel, F., Vilkamaa, P. & Smith, J.E. (2013) Overview of the black fungus gnats from the Tristan da Cunha archipelago, including a redescription of Hyperlasion viridiventris (Frey) (Diptera, Sciaroidea: Sciaridae). Contributions to Entomology, 63 (2), 283-296. [DOI:10.21248/contrib.entomol.63.2.283-296]
30. Menzel, F., Salmela, J. & Vilkamaa, P. (2020a) New species and new records of black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) from the Viidumäe Nature Reserve, Estonia. European Journal of Taxonomy, 720, 62-76. [DOI:10.5852/ejt.2020.720.1115]
31. Menzel, F., Gammelmo, Ø., Olsen, K.M. & Köhler, A. (2020b) The Black Fungus Gnats (Diptera, Sciaridae) of Norway - Part I: species records published until December 2019, with an updated checklist. ZooKeys, 957, 17-104. [DOI:10.3897/zookeys.957.46528]
32. Merritt, R.W., Courtney, G.W. & Keiper, J.B. (2009) Diptera (Flies, Mosquitoes, Midges, Gnats). In: Encyclopedia of insects. Academic Press, pp. 284-297. [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-374144-8.00085-0]
33. Mohrig, W., Rulik, B., Papp, L. (2001) Sciaridae. In: Papp, L. (ed.) Checklist of the Diptera of Hungary. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, pp. 119-123.
34. Mohrig, W., Heller, K., Hippa, H., Vilkamaa, P. & Menzel, F. (2013) Revision of the black fungus gnats (Diptera: Sciaridae) of North America. Studia dipterologica, 19(1-2) (2012), 141-286.
35. Mohrig, W., Kauschke, E. & Broadley, A. (2019) Revision of black fungus gnat species (Diptera, Sciaridae) described from the Hawaiian Islands by D.E. Hardy and W.A. Steffan, and a contribution to the knowledge of the sciarid fauna of the Galápagos Islands. Zootaxa, 4590 (4), 401-439. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4590.4.1]
36. Pape, T., Blagoderov, V. & Mostovski, M.B. (2011) Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, Magnolia Press, Auckland, pp. 222-229. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3148.1.42]
37. Shin, S., Jung, S., Heller, K., Menzel, F., Hong, T.K., Shin, J.S., Lee, S.H., Lee, H. & Lee, S. (2015) DNA barcoding of Bradysia (Diptera: Sciaridae) for detection of the immature stages on agricultural crops. Journal of Applied Entomology, 139 (8), 638-645 + 8 p. [DOI:10.1111/jen.12198]
38. Sohier, C., Dekoninck, W., Menzel, F., Versteirt, V. & Grootaert, P. (2012) Larval habitat characteristics along the Scheldt estuarium of Bradysia ocellaris (Comstock), a black fungus gnat (Diptera: Sciaridae) of economic importance. Belgian Journal of Zoology, 142 (2), 127-129.
39. Steffan, W.A. (1969) Insects of Micronesia. Diptera: Sciaridae. Insects of Micronesia, 12, 669-732.
40. Steffan, W.A. (1974) Laboratory studies and ecological notes on Hawaiian Sciaridae (Diptera). Pacific Insects, 16 (1), 41-50.
41. Sueyoshi, M. & Yoshimatsu, S.-I. (2019) Pest species of a fungus gnat genus Bradysia Winnertz (Diptera: Sciaridae) injuring agricultural and forestry products in Japan, with a review on taxonomy of allied species. Entomological Science, 22 (3), 317-333. [DOI:10.1111/ens.12373]
42. Talebi, A.A., Zamany, A.A., Mohammadi Goltapeh, E. & Fathipour, Y. (2003) Biological notes on Lycoriella auripila (Dip.: Sciaridae) and Coboldia fuscipes (Dip.: Scatopsidae), as important pests of button mushroom in Karadj. Journal of Ento‌mological Society of Iran, 23 (1), 21-40. [in Persian with the English abstract]
43. Vilkamaa, P. (2014) Checklist of the family Sciaridae (Diptera) of Finland. In: Kahanpää J. & Salmela J. (eds.) Checklist of the Diptera of Finland. ZooKeys, 441, Pensoft Publisher, Sofia, pp. 151-164. [DOI:10.3897/zookeys.441.7381]
44. Wiegmann, B.M. & Yeates, D.K. (2017): Phylogeny of Diptera. In: Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Sinclair, B.J. (eds.) Manual of Afrotropical Diptera. Volume 1. Introductory chapters and keys to Diptera families. Suricata 4, SANBI Graphics & Editing, Pretoria, pp. 253-265.
45. Ye, L., Leng, R., Huang, J., Qu, C. & Wu, H. (2017) Review of three black fungus gnat species (Diptera: Sciaridae) from greenhouses in China: Three greenhouse sciarids from China. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 20 (1), 179-184. [DOI:10.1016/j.aspen.2016.12.012]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.