Volume 8, Issue 3 (2022)                   J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2022, 8(3): 435-448 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ben Halima Kamel M, Zouari S, Barahoei H, Rakhshani E. Expansion in the distribution of Pauesia silana Tremblay (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae), across North Africa, a recent discovery in Tunisia. J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2022; 8 (3) :435-448
URL: http://jibs.modares.ac.ir/article-36-62361-en.html
1- Gestion des productions horticoles en mode conventionnelle et biologique, Institut Supérieur Agronomique Chott Mariem (ISA CM), Sousse University, 4042 Tunisia.
2- LR21AGRO5: Gestion des productions horticoles en mode conventionnelle et biologique, Institut Supérieur Agronomique Chott Mariem (ISA CM), Sousse University, 4042 Tunisia.
3- nstitute of Agricultural Research, University of Zabol, P.O. Box 98615-538, I.R. Iran
4- Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zabol, 98615–538, I.R. Iran. , rakhshani@uoz.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1689 Views)
View on Scopus
The occurrence of Pauesia silana Tremblay, as an aphid parasitoid (Hym., Braconidae, Aphidiinae) in Tunisia is documented. The parasitoid was found in association with the Aleppo pine aphid, Cinara palaestinensis Hille Ris Lambers, infesting Pinus halepensis. Specimens were collected by the rearing of the mummified aphids from the colonies infested the pine trees in the Arboretum of the Institut Supérieur Agronomique Chott Mériem (ISA CM - Tunisia) during March–April 2021. A brief diagnosis is provided for the recorded parasitoid. This is the first record of a Pauesia species in Tunisia (out of the purposeful introduction of Pauesia antennata Mukerji). Two secondary parasitoids including Asaphes vulgaris Walker and Pachyneuron aphidis (Bouché) (Hym., Chalcidoidea, Pteromalidae) have also emerged from the mummified aphids. The known Cinara aphids and their associated parasitoids in the North African country are reviewed. Both Aleppo pine aphid and the newly detected parasitoid might be considered exotic species in North Africa, sourced from a recent accidental introduction inside the Mediterranean area, or a horizontal expansion across the North African countries.
Full-Text [PDF 7155 kb]   (536 Downloads)    

Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Systematics/Hymenoptera
Received: 2022/06/20 | Accepted: 2022/06/28 | Published: 2022/07/9

1. Achterberg, C. van (2009) Can Townes type Malaise traps be improved Some recent developments. Entomologische Berichten, 69 (4), 129-135.
2. Adouani, R., Lassaad, M., Ben Halima Kamel, M. & Rakhshani, E. (2017) Preliminary observations on introduction of Pauesia antennata Mukerji 1950 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), the parasitoid of the brown peach aphid, Pterochloroides persicae Chlodkovsky 1899 (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Tunisia. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 27 (2), 227-230.
3. Adouani, R.B., Mdellel, L., Ben Halima Kamel, M. & Martinez, D.T. (2021) Morphology, genetics and biology of Pterochloroides persicae Cholodkovsky (Hemiptera: Lachninae) and their effect on Pauesia antennata Mukerji (Hymenoptera: Aphidiinae) behaviour. African Entomology, 29 (1), 59-68. [DOI:10.4001/003.029.0059]
4. Ayache, S., Strangi, A., Chakali, G., Dahmani, L., Chellali, M., Pennacchio, F., Roversi, P.F. & Binazzi, F. (2020) A new species, Cinara tellenica Binazzi F. et Strangi (Aphididae Lachninae) associated with Cedrus atlantica in the Tell Atlas of Algeria. Bulletin of Insectology, 73 (2), 275-283.
5. Ben Halima Kamel, M. (2012) Aphid fauna (Hemiptera Aphididae) and their host association of Chott Mariem, coastal area of Tunisia. Annals of Biological Research, 3 (2), 746-754.
6. Ben Halima Kamel, M. & Mdellel, L. (2017) Présence de Siphonatrophia cupressi (Hemiptera, Aphididae) en Tunisie. EPPO Bulletin, 47, 549-550. [DOI:10.1111/epp.12405]
7. Ben Halima Kamel, M., Kavallieratos, N.G., Starý, P. & Rakhshani, E. (2020) First record of Diaeretus leucopterus (Haliday)(Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Aphidiinae), the parasitoid of the aphid species, Eulachnus agilis (Kaltenbach)(Hemiptera, Aphididae) in North Africa. Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 30 (53), 1-6. [DOI:10.1186/s41938-020-00249-6]
8. Ben Halima Kamel, M., Mdellel, L., Zouari, S. & Adouani, R. (2018) Occurrence of Harmonia axyridis in Tunisia. EPPO Bulletin, 48 (2), 307-308. [DOI:10.1111/epp.12473]
9. Ben Halima Kamel, M., Zouari, S., Mdellel, L. & Rekik, A. (2019) Eulachnus tuberculostemmatus (Lachninae, Eulachnini) sur pin d'Alep: Premier signalement en Tunisie. EPPO Bulletin, 49 (2), 336-337. [DOI:10.1111/epp.12560]
10. Ben Hamacha, M., Ghezali, D., Chemala, A. & Marniche, F. (2017) First report of Pauesia silana Tremblay, 1969 (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae), a natural enemy of the aphid Cinara pini L., in Algeria. EPPO Bulletin, 47 (2), 283-284. [DOI:10.1111/epp.12387]
11. Ben Jamâa, M.L., Mejri, M., Dhahri, S., Ezzine, O., Zouaoui, M. & Haj-Salah, S.B. (2020) La santé du pin d'Alep en Tunisie. In Khouja, M.L. (ed.) Le Pin d'Alep en Tunisie: Ecologie, Gestion et Usages. Institut National de Recherches en Génie Rural, Eaux et Forêts, Tunisia, pp. 204-235.
12. Boukhris-Bouhachem, S., Souissi, R., Turpeau, E., Rouzé-Jouan, J., Fahem, M., Brahim, N.B. & Hulle, M. (2007) Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphidoidea) diversity in Tunisia in relation to seed potato production. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 43 (3), 311-318. [DOI:10.1080/00379271.2007.10697526]
13. Canakcioglu, H. (1970) Chemical control of aphids damaging forest trees. Istanbul Universitesi Orman Fakultesi Dergisi, 1, 94-114.
14. Cardoso, J.T. & Lázzar, S.M.N. (2003) Comparative biology of Cycloneda sanguinea (Linnaeus, 1763) and Hippodamia convergens Guérin-Méneville, 1842 (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) focusing on the control of Cinara spp. (Hemiptera, Aphididae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia, 47 (3), 443-446. [DOI:10.1590/S0085-56262003000300014]
15. Fabre, J.P. & Rabasse, J.M. (1987) Introduction dans le Sud-Est de la France d'un parasite Pauesia cedrobii (Hym. Aphidiidae) du puceron Cedrobium laportei (Hom. Lachnidae) du cèdre de l'Atlas Cedrus atlantica. Entomophaga, 32, 127-141. [DOI:10.1007/BF02373123]
16. Farjon, A., Gardner, M. & Thomas P. (2019) Conifer Database (version Jan 2014). In: Roskov, Y., Ower, G., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P.M., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L. (eds.) Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 2019. Annual Checklist. Available at www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/2019 Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
17. Filipiak, M. (2016) Pollen stoichiometry may influence detrital terrestrial and aquatic food webs. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 4 (138), 1-8. [DOI:10.3389/fevo.2016.00138]
18. Kairo, M.T.K. & Murphy, S.T. (2005) Comparative studies on populations of Pauesia juniperorum (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a biological control agent for Cinara cupressivora (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Bulletin of Entomological Research, 95 (6), 597-603. [DOI:10.1079/BER2005391]
19. Kamanga-Thole, G.I.F.T., Mwase, W., Kamoto, J., Chilima, C. & Missanjo, E. (2021) Effectiveness of Pauesia juniperorum in controlling population of cypress aphids in Malawi. Journal of Global Ecology and Environment, 13 (2), 27-34.
20. Kavallieratos, N.G., Lykouressis, D.P., Sarlis, C.P., Stathas, G.J., Sanchis Segovia, A. & Athanassiou, C.G. (2001) The Aphidiinae (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea: Braconidae) of Greece. Phytoparasitica, 29, 306-340. [DOI:10.1007/BF02981847]
21. Kavallieratos, N.G., Tomanović, Ž, Starý, P., Athanassiou, C.G., Sarlis, G.P., Petrović, O., Niketić, M. & Veroniki, M.A. (2004) A survey of aphid parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae) of Southeastern Europe and their aphid-plant associations. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 39 (3), 527-563. [DOI:10.1303/aez.2004.527]
22. Kearby, W.H. & Bliss Jr, M. (1969) Field evaluation of three granular systemic insecticides for control of the aphids Eulachnus agilis and Cinara pinea on Scotch pine. Journal of Economic Entomology, 62 (1), 60-62. [DOI:10.1093/jee/62.1.60]
23. Kfir, R., Van Rensburg, N.J. & Kirsten, F. (2003) Biological control of the black pine aphid, Cinara cronartii (Homoptera: Aphididae), in South Africa. African Entomology, 11 (1), 117-121.
24. Khouja, M.L. (1997) Variabilité géographique du Pin d'Alep en Tunisie: perspectives d'amélioration de la productivité et de la qualité physique du bois. Ph.D Dissertation, Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
25. Laamari, M., Coeur d'Acier, A. & Jousselin, E. (2013) New data on aphid fauna (Hemiptera, Aphididae) in Algeria. ZooKeys, 319, 223-229. [DOI:10.3897/zookeys.319.4340]
26. Laamari, M., Jousselin, E. & d'Acier, A.C. (2010) Assessment of aphid diversity (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in Algeria: a fourteen-year investigation. Entomologie faunistique-Faunistic Entomology, 62 (2), 73-87.
27. Le Maitre, D.C. (1998) Pines in cultivation: a global view. In: Richardson, D.M. (ed.) Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 407-431
28. Mdellel, L., Ben Halima Kamel, M. & Rakhshani, E. (2015) Laboratory evaluation of Pauesia antennata (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), specific parasitoid of Pterochloroides persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Journal of Crop Protection, 4, 385-393.
29. Mescheloff, E. & Rosen, D. (1990) Biosystematic studies on the Aphidiidae of Israel (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonoidea), 4. The genera Pauesia, Diaeretus, Aphidius and Diaeretiella. Israel Journal of Entomology, 24, 51-91.
30. Michelena Saval, J.M. & González Funes, P. (1988) Contribución al conocimiento de la familia Aphidiidae en Espaňa. III. Pauesia Quilis, 1931. Eos, Revista Espanola de Entomologia, 64, 159-174.
31. Michelena Saval, J.M., Assael, F. & Mendel, Z. (2005) Description of Pauesia (Pauesia) anatolica (Hymenoptera: Braconidae, Aphidiinae) sp. nov., a parasitoid of the cedar aphid Cinara cedri. Phytoparasitica, 33 (5), 499-505. [DOI:10.1007/BF02981399]
32. Mifsud, D. & Stary, P. (2009) Pauesia silana Tremblay, 1969 a parasitoid of Cinara-aphids on conifers in Malta (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae). Bulletin of the Entomological Society of Malta, 2, 77-80.
33. Mills, N.J. (1990) Biological control of forest aphid pests in Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 80 (1), 31-36. [DOI:10.1017/S0007485300045880]
34. Morris, B. (2006) Insects and Human Life. Berg Publishers, UK. 334 p.
35. Mouna, M. & Fabre, J.P. (2005) Pests insects of cedars: Cedrus atlantica Manetti, C. libani A. Richard and C. brevifolia Henry in the Mediterranean area. In: Lieutier, F. & Ghaioule, D. (eds.) Entomological Research in Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems. INRA Editions, Science Update Series, INRA, Paris, pp. 89-104.
36. Quilis-Perez, M. (1931) Especies nuevas de Aphidiidae espanoles (Hym. Brac.). Eos, Revista Espanola de Entomologia, 7, 25-84.
37. Quiroz Dahik, C., Crespo, P., Stimm, B., Mosandl, R., Cueva, J., Hildebrandt, P. & Weber, M. (2021) Impacts of pine plantations on carbon stocks of páramo sites in southern Ecuador. Carbon Balance Manage, 16 (5), 1-15. [DOI:10.1186/s13021-021-00168-5]
38. Rakhshani, E. & Stary, P. (2021) Chapter 9. Aphid Parasitoids: Aphidiinae (Hym., Braconidae). In: Karimi, J. & Madadi, H. (eds) Biological Control of Insect and Mite Pests in Iran: A Review from Fundamental and Applied Aspects. Springer International Publishing, Cham, Switzerland, pp. 333-399. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-63990-7_9]
39. Rakhshani, E., Barahoei, H., Ahmad, Z., Starý, P., Ghafouri-Moghaddam, M., Mehrparvar, M., Kavallieratos, N.G., Čkrkić, J. & Tomanović, Ž. (2019) Review of Aphidiinae parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) of the Middle East and North Africa: key to species and host associations. European Journal of Taxonomy, 552, 1-132. [DOI:10.5852/ejt.2019.552]
40. Remaudiere, G. (1954) Les Cinarini (Hom. Aphidoidea Lachnidae) du Cèdre en Afrique du Nord. Revue de Pathologie Vegetale et d'Entomologie Agricole de France, 33, 115-122.
41. Rosagro, R.M., Borges, I., Vieira, V., Solé, G.P. & Soares, A.O. (2020) Evaluation of Scymnus nubilus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) as a biological control agent against Aphis spiraecola and Cinara juniperi (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Pest Management Science, 76 (2), 818-826. [DOI:10.1002/ps.5585]
42. Sanchis, A., Michelena Saval, J.M., Latorre, A., Quicke, D.L., Gärdenfors, U. & Belshaw, R. (2001) The phylogenetic analysis of variable-length sequence data: elongation factor-1α introns in European populations of the parasitoid wasp genus Pauesia (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Aphidiinae). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 18 (6), 1117-1131. [DOI:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003882]
43. Sekkat, A. (1987) Étude bioécologique des Aphidés du Saïs et du Moyen Atlas (Maroc): implications Agronomiques. Ph.D. thesis at Université des Sciences et Techniques du Laguedoc. Academie de Montpellier. France. 237 p.
44. Sharkey, M.J. & Wharton, R.A. (1997) Morphology and terminology. In: Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J. (eds.) Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication 1, International Society of Hymenopterists. Washington, DC., pp. 19−37.
45. Shorthouse D.P. (2010) SimpleMappr, an online tool to produce publication-quality point maps. [accessed April 23, 2022]. http://www.simplemappr.net
46. Starý, P. (1960) A taxonomic revision of the European species of the genus Paraphidius Stary, 1958. Acta Faunistica Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, 6, 5-38.
47. Starý, P. (1976) Aphid parasites (Hymenoptera, Aphidiidae) of the Mediterranean area. Dr. W. Junk b.v., The Hague, Academia, Prague. 95 p. [DOI:10.1007/978-94-010-1561-5]
48. Starý, P. & Leclant, F. (1977) Pauesia (Pauesia) cedrobii, n. sp., premier parasite connu du puceron du cedre Cedrobium laportei Remaudiere (Hym., Aphidiidae). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 13, 159-163.
49. Starý, P., Rakhshani, E. & Talebi, A.A. (2005) Parasitoids of aphid pests on conifers and their state as biocontrol agents in the Middle East to Central Asia on the world background (Hym., Braconidae, Aphidiinae; Hom., Aphididae). Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control, 15, 147-151.
50. Starý, P., Remaudière G. & Leclant F. (1971) Les Aphidiidae (Hym.) de France et leurs hôtes (Hom.: Aphididae). Entomophaga, 5, 1-65.
51. Starý, P., Remaudière, G. & Leclant, F. (1973) Nouvelles données sur les Aphidiides de France (Hym.). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 9 (2), 309-329.
52. Theobald, F.V. (1915) African Aphididae.-Part II. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 6 (2), 103-153. [DOI:10.1017/S0007485300044370]
53. Theobald, F.V. (1922) New Aphididae Found in Egypt. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique d'Égypte, 7, 39-80.
54. Tremblay, E. (1969) Ricerche sugli Imenotteri parassiti.VI. Descrizione di una nuova species del genere Pauesia Quilis Pérez (Hymenoptera: Braconidae. Aphidiinae). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri'. Portici, 27, 153-159.
55. Tremblay, E. (1975) I parassiti degli afidi del Pinus nigra Arn. (Hymenoptera Ichneumonoidea). Bollettino del Laboratorio di Entomologia Agraria 'Filippo Silvestri'. Portici, 32, 91-110.
56. Watson, G.W., Voegtlin, D.J., Murphy, S.T. & Foottit, R.G. (1999) Biogeography of the Cinara cupressi complex (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Cupressaceae, with description of a pest species introduced into Africa. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 89 (3), 271-283. [DOI:10.1017/S0007485399000395]
57. Wu, S., Huang, Z., Rebeca, C. L., Zhu, X., Guo, Y., Lin, Q., Hu, X., Wang, R., Liang, G., Guan, X. & Zhang, F. (2017) De novo characterization of the pine aphid Cinara pinitabulaeformis Zhang et Zhang transcriptome and analysis of genes relevant to pesticides. PLoS One, 12 (6), e0178496. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178496]
58. Yu, D.S., van Achterberg, C. & Horstmann, K. (2016) World Ichneumonoidea 2015. Database on flash-drive. Ottawa, Ontario.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.