Volume 10, Issue 2 (2024)                   J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2024, 10(2): 347-399 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Ríos-Tamayo D. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the genus Trichopelma Simon, 1888 (Araneae: Theraphosidae: Trichopelmatinae) in Cuba, with the descriptions of seven new species and a new species of Thalerommata Ausserer, 1875. J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2024; 10 (2) :347-399
URL: http://jibs.modares.ac.ir/article-36-72209-en.html
Fundación Miguel Lillo, Instituto de Invertebrados/ Unidad Ejecutora Lillo (CONICET-FML), Miguel Lillo 251, CP 4000, San Miguel de Tucumán, Tucumán, Argentina , riostamayo.dnk@gmail.com
Abstract:   (229 Views)

The spiders of the genus Trichopelma Simon, 1888 present in Cuba, are revised. Currently, the genus Trichopelma comprises 22 known species distributed in the Caribbean, and Central and the upper region of South America. Cuba currently hosts five valid species and, in this study, the descriptions of seven new species distributed throughout the island are presented: T. baracoense sp. nov. (♂♀, Guantanamo prov.), T. cheguevarai sp. nov. (♂, Ciego de Ávila prov.), T. citma sp. nov. (♀, Granma prov.), T. fidelcastroi sp. nov. (♂♀, Holguín prov.), T. granmense sp. nov. (♂♀, Granma prov.), T. rudloffi sp. nov. (♂♀, Holguín prov.) and T. soroense sp. nov. (♂♀, Artemisa prov.). Based on morphological characters, a cladistic analysis was performed, revealing the phylogenetic position of the new species compared to the species previously described. Based on this phylogeny, morphological characters and close proximity in distribution, T. banksia Özdikmen & Demir, 2012 syn. n., is proposed as a junior synonym of T. cubanum (Simon, 1903). The genus Thalerommata Ausserer, 1871 is reported from Cuba for the first time, with the description of T. anae sp. nov. (♂, Sancti Spíritus prov.).

Full-Text [PDF 47088 kb]   (182 Downloads)    

Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Systematics/Other taxa
Received: 2023/10/31 | Accepted: 2024/02/21 | Published: 2024/03/10

1. Alayón, G.G. (2000) Las arañas endémicas de Cuba (Arachnida: Araneae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, 2, 1-48.
2. Banks, N. (1909) Arachnida of Cuba. Estación Central Agronómica de Cuba, Second Report, 2, 150-174.
3. Bertani, R. & Guadanucci, J.P.L. (2013) Morphology, evolution and usage of urticating setae by tarantulas (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Zoologia, 30, 403-418. [DOI:10.1590/S1984-46702013000400006]
4. Bertani, R. & Raven, R.J. (2023) On the genus Thalerommata Ausserer, 1875 (Araneae, Theraphosidae), with the description of six new species. Zootaxa, 5271 (2), 201-230. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.5271.2.1]
5. Bertani, R., Santos, T. & Righi, A.F. (2009) A new species of Oligoxystre Vellard 1924 (Araneae, Theraphosidae) from Brazil. ZooKeys, 5, 41-51. [DOI:10.3897/zookeys.5.83]
6. Bond, J.E. (2012) Phylogenetic treatment and taxonomic revision of the trapdoor spider genus Aptostichus Simon (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Euctenizidae). ZooKeys, 252, 1-209. [DOI:10.3897/zookeys.252.3588]
7. Bonnet, P. (1957) s.n. In: Bibliographia Araneorum. Vol 2 (3). Douladoure, Toulouse, pp. 1927-3026.
8. Bonnet, P. (1958) s.n. In: Bibliographia Araneorum. Vol 2 (4). Douladoure, Toulouse, pp. 3027-4230.
9. Bonnet, P. (1959) s.n. In: Bibliographia Araneorum. Vol 2 (5). Douladoure, Toulouse, pp. 4231-5058.
10. Bremer, K. (1994) Branch support and tree stability. Cladistics, 10, 295-304. [DOI:10.1111/j.1096-0031.1994.tb00179.x]
11. Coyle, F.A. (1974) Systematics of the trapdoor spider genus Aliatypus (Araneae: Antrodiaetidae). Psyche, 81, 431-500. [DOI:10.1155/1974/69634]
12. Coyle, F.A. (1981) The mygalomorph spider genus Microhexura (Araneae, Dipluridae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 170, 64-75.
13. Engelbrecht, I. & Prendini, L. (2012) Cryptic diversity of South African trapdoor spiders: three new species of Stasimopus Simon, 1892 (Mygalomorphae, Ctenizidae), and redescription of Stasimopus robertsi Hewitt, 1910. American Museum Novitates, 3732, 1-42. [DOI:10.1206/3732.2]
14. Farris, J., Albert, V., Källersjö, M., Lipscomb, D. & Kluge, A. (1996) Parsimony jackknifing outperforms neighbor-joining. Cladistics, 12, 99-124. [DOI:10.1111/j.1096-0031.1996.tb00196.x]
15. Ferretti, N., Pompozzi, G., Copperi, S., Wehitt, A., Galíndez, E., González, A. & Pérez-Miles, F. (2017) A comparative morphological study of the epiandrous apparatus in mygalomorph spiders (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). Micron, 93, 9-19. [DOI:10.1016/j.micron.2016.11.005]
16. Foelix, R.F., Erb. B., Hill, D.E. (2013) Structural colors in spiders. In: W. Nentwig (ed) Spider Ecophysiology. Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, pp. 333-347. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-33989-9_24]
17. Franganillo, B.P. (1926) Arácnidos nuevos o poco conocidos de la Isla de Cuba. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica de España, 9, 42-68.
18. Franganillo, B.P. (1930) Arácnidos de Cuba: Mas arácnidos nuevos de la Isla de Cuba. Memorias del Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Cientificas, l, 47-99.
19. Galleti-Lima, A.G. & Guadanucci, J.P.L. (2018) Morphology of setae on the coxae and trochanters of theraphosine spiders (Mygalomorphae: Theraphosidae). Journal of Arachnology, 46 (2), 214-225. [DOI:10.1636/JoA-S-17-021.1]
20. Gerschman de Pikelin, B.S. & Schiapelli, R.D. (1973) La subfamilia Ischnocolinae (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia, Entomologia, 4, 43-77.
21. Goloboff, P.A. (1995) A revision of the South American spiders of the family Nemesiidae (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). Part I: species from Peru, Chile, Argentina, and Uruguay. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 224, 1-189.
22. Goloboff, P.A. (2013) Oblong, a program to analyse phylogenomic data sets with millions of characters, requiring negligible amounts of RAM. Cladistics, 30, 273-281. [DOI:10.1111/cla.12056]
23. Goloboff, P.A. & Catalano, S.A. (2016) TNT version 1.5, including a full implementation of phylogenetic morphometrics. Cladistics, 32 (3), 221-238. [DOI:10.1111/cla.12160]
24. Goloboff, P.A. & Farris, J.S. (2001) Methods for quick consensus estimation. Cladistics, 17, S26-S34. [DOI:10.1006/clad.2000.0156]
25. Goloboff, P.A. & Morales, E. (2023) TNT version 1.6, with a graphical interface for MacOS and Linux, including new routines in parallel. Cladistics, 39 (2), 144¬-153. [DOI:10.1111/cla.12524]
26. Goloboff, P.A., Farris, J.S. & Nixon, KC. (2008) TNT, a free program for phylogenetic analysis. Cladistics, 24, 774-786. [DOI:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2008.00217.x]
27. Griswold, C.E. (1987) The African members of the trap-door spider family Migidae (Araneae: Mygalomorphae) 1: the genus Moggridgea O. P.-Cambridge, 1875. Annals of the Natal Museum, 28, 1-118.
28. Griswold, C.E. & Ledford, J. (2001) A monograph of the migid trap door spiders of Madagascar and review of the world genera (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Migidae). Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences, 151, 1-120.
29. Guadanucci, J.P.L. (2012) Trichobothrial morphology of Theraphosidae and Barychelidae spiders (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). Zootaxa, 3439, 1-42. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.3439.1.1]
30. Guadanucci, J.P.L. (2014) Theraphosidae phylogeny: relationships of the "Ischnocolinae genera (Araneae, Mygalomorphae). Zoologica Scripta, 43, 508-518. [DOI:10.1111/zsc.12065]
31. Guadanucci, J.P.L., Galleti-Lima, A. & Indicatti, R.P. (2020) Cuticular Structures of New World Tarantulas: Ultramorphology of Setae and Other Features. In: F. Pérez-Miles (ed.) New World Tarantulas: Taxonomy, Biogeography and Evolutionary Biology of Theraphosidae. Vol 6. Springer, Cham, pp. 319-340. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-030-48644-0_11]
32. Kemp, C. (2015) The endangered dead. Nature, 518, 293. [DOI:10.1038/518292a]
33. Mancina, C.A. & Cruz Flores, D.D. (2017) Diversidad Biológica de Cuba: Métodos de Inventario, Monitoreo y Colecciones Biológicas. Editorial AMA. La Habana. 480 p.
34. Meineke, E.K., Davies T.J., Daru, B.H. & Davis, C.C. (2019) Biological collections for understanding biodiversity in the Anthropocene. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B., 374 (1763), 20170386. [DOI:10.1098/rstb.2017.0386]
35. Mittermeier, R.A., Turner, W.R., Larsen, F.W., Brooks, T.M. & Gascon, C. (2011) Global biodiversity conservation: the critical role of hotspots. In: Zachos, F.E. & Habel, J.C. (eds) Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Springer Publishers, Nueva York, pp. 3-22. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-20992-5_1]
36. Mori, A. & Bertani, R. (2020) Revision and cladistic analysis of Psalistops Simon, 1889, Trichopelma Simon, 1888 and Cyrtogrammomma Pocock, 1895 (Araneae: Theraphosidae) based on a cladistic analysis of relationships of Theraphosidae, Barychelidae and Paratropididae. Zootaxa, 4873, 1-32. [DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4873.1.1]
37. Özdikmen, H. & Demir, H. (2012) Two new names of the specific epithets cubanum and maculatum in Trichopelma cubanum (Banks, 1909) and Trichopelma maculatum (Franganillo, 1930) (Araneae: Brarychelidae). Serket, 13, 118-120.
38. Pérez-Miles, F, Guadanucci, J.P.L., Jurgilas, J.P., Becco, R. & Perafán, C. (2017) Morphology and evolution of scopula, pseudoscopula and claw tufts in Mygalomorphae (Araneae). Zoomorphology, 136, 435-459. [DOI:10.1007/s00435-017-0364-9]
39. Pérez-Miles, F. & Montes de Oca, L. (2005) Surface ultrastructure of labial and maxillary cuspules in eight species of Theraphosidae (Araneae). Journal of Arachnology, 33, 43-49. [DOI:10.1636/S02-30]
40. Petrunkevitch, A. (1911) A synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, etc. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 29, 1-791. [DOI:10.5962/bhl.title.23819]
41. Petrunkevitch, A. (1925) Arachnida from Panama. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 27, 51-248.
42. Petrunkevitch, A. (1926) Spiders from the Virgin Islands. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 28, 21-78.
43. Petrunkevitch, A. (1928) Systema Aranearum. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 29, 1-270.
44. Petrunkevitch, A. (1939) Catalogue of American spiders. Part one. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 33, 133-338.
45. Ramírez, M.J. (2014) The morphology and phylogeny of dionychan spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 390, 1-374. [DOI:10.1206/821.1]
46. QGIS Development Team (2023) QGIS Geographic Information System. Open Source Geospatial Foundation Project. Available from: https://qgis.osgeo.org [Accessed 20 October 2023]
47. Raven, R.J. (1985) The spider infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): cladistics and systematics. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 182, 1-180.
48. Raven, R.J. (1994) Mygalomorph spiders of the Barychelidae in Australia and the western Pacific. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 35, 291-706.
49. Ríos-Tamayo, D. (2017) Re-description of Trichopelma cubanum (Theraphosidae: Ischnocolinae) and comments about the familial placement of Trichopelma. Munis Entomology and Zoology, 12, 94-198.
50. Ríos-Tamayo, D. & Goloboff, P.A. (2018) Taxonomic revision and morphology of the trapdoor spider genus Actinopus (Mygalomorphae: Actinopodidae) in Argentina. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 419, 1-83. [DOI:10.1206/0003-0090-419.1.1]
51. Roewer, C.F. (1942) Katalog der Araneae von 1758 bis 1940. Kommissions- Verlag von "Natura", Bremen, 2 (1), 1040.
52. Schmidt, G. (1986) Vogelspinnen: Lebensweise, Bestimmungsschlüssel, Haltung und Zucht. Albrecht Philler, Minden. 151 p.
53. Sherwood, D. (2020) A Note on Morphological Characters and their Informative Roles in Theraphosid Taxonomy (Araneae, Theraphosidae). Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society, 147, 16-18. [DOI:10.13156/arac.2020.18.5.473]
54. Sherwood, D. & Gabriel, R. (2020) A new species of Umbyquyra Gargiulo, Brescovit & Lucas, 2018 from Goiás, Brazil (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Arachnology, 18 (6), 619-622. [DOI:10.13156/arac.2020.18.6.619]
55. Sherwood, D. & Gabriel, R. (2022) Euthycaelus janae, a new species and the first record of the subfamily Schismatothelinae from Peru (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Faunitaxys, 10 (49), 1-4.
56. Sherwood, D. & Gabriel, R. (2023) Cymbiapophysa seldeni, a new theraphosine species from Ecuador (Araneae: Theraphosidae). Arachnology, 19 (5), 777-779. [DOI:10.13156/arac.2023.19.5.777]
57. Simon, E. (1903) Histoire Naturelle des Araignées. Vol 2. Roret, Paris, pp. 669-1080.
58. Townsend, Jr V.R. & Felgenhauer, B.E. (1998) Cuticular scales of spiders. Invertebrate Biology, 117 (4), 318-330. [DOI:10.2307/3227034]
59. Townsend, Jr V.R. & Felgenhauer, B.E. (1999) Ultrastructure of the cuticular scales of lynx spiders (Araneae, Oxyopidae) and jumping spiders (Araneae, Salticidae). Journal of Morphology, 240, 77-92. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199904)240:1<77::AID-JMOR6>3.0.CO;2-P [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4687(199904)240:13.0.CO;2-P]
60. WSC (2024) World Spider catalog. Version 25.0. Natural History Museum Bern, Bern. Available online from https://wsc.nmbe.ch [Accessed 4 march 2024]
61. Wunderlich, J. (1988) Die fossilen Spinnen im dominikanischen Bernstein. Beiträge zur Araneologie, 2, 1-378.
62. Zachos, F.E. & Habel, J.C. (eds) (2011) Biodiversity Hotspots: Distribution and Protection of Conservation Priority Areas. Springer Publishers, Nueva York. 546 p. [DOI:10.1007/978-3-642-20992-5]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.