Authors' Guide

Preparation of Manuscript
Tables, Figures and their captions

Instruction for Authors
Preparation of Manuscript

1. General issues

Before submitting your manuscript, make sure you have carefully read and adhere to all the following guidelines and instructions to authors. Needless to say, manuscripts not in line with these instructions will be returned. There are no limitations for words, authors, figures, and the total length of the manuscript. Preliminary demands on appropriate topics may be emailed to the Editor. Each manuscript should comprise a title page with a full title. For the double-blinded review to happen, each author's full name with their affiliation and current address/phone/fax/email information along with a brief biographical note needs to be provided on a separate page. Manuscripts that meet all the criteria in the Manuscript Submission Guidelines can be sent to the Editor, but the final submission should be done via the online submission system, after registration. Figures must be submitted both in the manuscript and as separate files (After acceptance). The Editors may decide to decline a manuscript without peer review if it is judged to be outside the scope of the Journal, poorly written or formatted, or without significance.

Direct submission via email - - is also available for the authors, who may occasionally have encountered the technical issues.

The authors are encouraged to provide the names of three or more potential reviewers with their full addresses and email. However, the Editors do not have any obligation to use the recommended reviewers. The recommended reviewers should not be anyone who has been a colleague in the same institution, research collaborator, and/or coauthor of papers and patents, or in any other way has a conflict of interest.
Authors need to complete and return an Assignment of Copyright form when the paper is accepted for publication. Please note that the maximum file size that may be uploaded through our online submission system is 20 MB.

A Graphical Abstract is a mandatory element at the time of submission to JIBS. The Graphical Abstract is a stand-alone figure representing at least 2-3 highlights of the scope of the paper, can be Interpreted with no legend enclosed. It should be prepared as an image file (TIF, JPEG) with a dimension of W20, H10 cm, and resolution of 300 dpi, with minimum text incorporated.
2. Cover letter

To every submission attach a cover letter approving that all authors have agreed to the submission. The letter should be written and signed by the corresponding author on behalf of all authors. It should also confirm that the manuscript has not been previously published nor is being considered for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts submitted to JIBS should be accompanied with the following notes as parts of the cover letter:

1. All authors agree to its submission and the Corresponding Author has been authorized by co-authors.
2. This article has not been published before and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.
3. The text, illustrations, and any other materials included in the manuscript do not infringe upon any existing copyright or other rights of anyone.
4. This article does not violate any copyright or other personal proprietary right of any person or entity and it contains no abusive, defamatory, obscene, or fraudulent statements, nor any other statements that are unlawful in any way
5. Authors are permitted and encouraged to distribute the PDF version of their work freely in public repositories or on their website after publication in JIBS.
For any technical problems in submitting a manuscript to this journal, please contact the Editorial Office at
3. File types

Electronic files conforming to the journal's guidelines will be accepted. A preferred format for the text and tables of your manuscript is Word docx, doc or rtf.

- Double-spaced
- All margins: 3 cm
- The text should be standard 12 points

4. Structure of the manuscript

The manuscript should be structured as follows: Title page, Abstract, Keywords, main text, Conflict of Interests, Authors' Contributions, Acknowledgements, References, Figure and table legends. These headings need to be in bold font on a separate line and start with a first capital letter. Please do not number headings or subheadings.

Title page: Include title, author names, and affiliation, address of the corresponding author (including e-mail address), and short running title.
Title should be short, concise and informative describing the contents of the paper. It is highly recommended that titles not exceed 12 words. The title containing fewer than five words probably should be expanded, properly. Higher taxa must always be specified and placed in parentheses, which should be separated by comma (e.g., Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae). The title should be in a sentence case. Only the first letter of scientific names, localities, and names of persons should be written in capital.
Authors with full first name (s), and last name (s) must be provided.
Affiliations: The full address of all authors for correspondence, including institutional affiliation (University, Institute), city, state/province (if applicable), and the country as well as an e-mail address and ORCIDs ( should be provided. Professional titles should not be listed.
A short Running title, not exceeding 10 words should be provided.
Corresponding Author Contact details: Full contact details are needed for the corresponding author. For other authors, academic affiliation is required. To assist anonymous peer review this information should be presented independently to the main text of the article.
Abstract should provide an informative, self-explanatory, and concise summary of the paper. The Abstract should be 100 to 300 words in length. Standard nomenclature should be used and abbreviations should be avoided. Genus and species names must contain the author and year of description (separated by a comma) at first appearance. Any new names or new combinations proposed in the paper should be mentioned. No literature should be cited in the abstract.
Keywords: The abstract should be followed by a list of 5 keywords that preferably do not overlap with words in the title. Keywords should express the precise content of the manuscript, as they are used for indexing purposes.
Main Text
The arrangement of the main text varies with different types of systematic papers, but should usually the IMRaD format (Introduction, Material and methods, Results, and Discussion) should be used for dividing the main text. Latin names of taxa of the genus and species must be italicized in the main text, with author(s). At the first appearance in the main text, genus and species names must contain (an) unabbreviated name(s) of the author(s) and year of description, separated by a comma. The author(s) and year of description should be omitted in all subsequent appearances.
The Introduction with no subheadings should provide a clear statement of the problem or purpose of the research provided. A review of relevant literature should be presented in the introduction. On the other hand, the literature review should be limited to information that is essential to direct the reader. The general approaches and objectives of the new research based on the relevant hypothesis should be explained in the Introduction. Objectives should describe the main purpose(s) of the research. All new aspects of the research including methodology can be justified here.
Material and methods
It contains necessary information and procedures for other researchers to be able to repeat it. Subsections can be considered where a variety of different methods are used. A clear description of the sampling procedures, experimental design, dates, statistical analyses, laboratory equipment, software, and terminology must be provided. Methods in general use need not be described in detail and previously published procedures should be cited. For the computer software, the name of the publisher and year of publication should be cited. The trade name and model number of laboratory and technical equipment must be given, where are cited in the manuscript. The exact label of the type specimens should be placed within quotation marks. Dates should preferably be formatted without spaces and with months in Roman numbers (e.g., Body part terms specific to a given taxon should be explained in this section to be indicated preferably in figures, followed by an accepted terminology.

All recorded taxa including newly described species should be deposited in the institutional collection and national or international museums. Subsequently, an accession (registration) number should be provided from those depositories, before acceptance of papers to avoid unnecessary delay of publication. Holotype should not deposit in private collections. If needed, the primary type specimens should be deposited in collections of the country of origin.

This part may contain tables, lists, and figures. Focus on the important points of results in this section but avoid repeating information provided in tables or figures. Results should be presented as simply as possible with clarity and precision. Results should be explained, but without referring to the literature. Speculation and detailed interpretation of data should not be included in the Results but should be put into the Discussion section. The International System of Units (SI) for measurements should be used throughout the manuscripts.

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature must be strictly followed. Author(s) of species name must be provided when the scientific name of any insect (or other animals) species is first mentioned. If the year of publication is given, then a full reference should be provided in the reference list. The Year of publication of the species should be given in taxonomic revisions that providing the original species description and must be given in the list of references. The name of authors for plant species names need not be given. Papers including new taxonomic decisions on previously described taxa (synonymies, new combinations, lectotype, designations, etc.) must include bibliographic data of the original description of the taxon (including page number). Genus names should not be abbreviated at the beginning of a sentence. Special symbols should be avoided.

Descriptions and re-descriptions of taxa should be concise and uniform throughout the paper. Use standardized abbreviations in the text: subf. nov., gen. nov., sp. nov., ssp. nov., syn. nov., comb. nov., stat. nov., stat. restit, stat. rev., nom. alt., nom. cons., nom. dub., nom. err., nom. illeg., nom. inval., nom. nov., nom. nud., nom. rej.. Author(s) are recommended to Include habitat, and host association for the type material as well as other recorded species. For a description of the new species the following arrangement of data is required:
- Information for type material and type locality, according to the ICZN requirements
Name of new species
- Type material (Holotype, Paratype(s))
- Type locality  
- Other material
- Diagnosis: A concise descriptive diagnosis
- Description: A comprehensive description referring to high-quality images of the diagnostic characters.
- Etymology
- Distribution
The supplementary data include ecology, biology, seasonal occurrence, host associations, which are welcome if exist. An identification key with the necessary illustrations will greatly enhance the quality of papers for the subsequent users/readers.

Type locality is the exact geographical place (with coordinate data - [DMS] 29°29′47″N, 60°51′46″E, Elev. 1,352 m a.s.l.) at which the specimens were collected. Additional locality information includes the type of habitat, collecting method, date, name of collector(s)’, host plant, or host insect should be inserted here.
Type material is a different statement about specimen(s), includes the exact quotation of its original label, accession number, condition of the specimen (pinned, card mounted, slide mounted, alcohol preserved, fossil), and repository (organization’s name and city). See the following example

Alloxysta kovilovicus Ferrer-Suay & Pujade-Villar sp. nov.
Type locality: SERBIA, Kovilovo,, collected from mix colony of Therioaphis trifolii (Monell) and Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) on Medicago sativa.
Type material: HOLOTYPE. ♀ (DAFNE), IRAN, Sistan-o Baluchestan province, Zabol - Hamoon international wetlands (31°12ʹ03.2ʺN, 61°20ʹ47.04ʺ E, 477 m a.s.l), 05.iv.2016, swept on Tamarix stricta, Leg.: H.A.Derafshan.
The Abbreviations for name of Depositories should appear in material and methods.

Identification Keys: The second couplets of the key should start with a hyphen only (-). Each couplet
should be typed simply as a separate paragraph as follow:

1 Tarsal claw with a distinct acute basal lobe. … 2
- Tarsal claw simple or with an indistinct basal lobe. … 3
2 The first submarginal cell large. … Species I Author
- The first submarginal cell small. … Species II Author
Subsequently, it can be converted to proper format by the expert typeset.

Discussion should interpret the findings given the results obtained in this and past studies on this topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. The last segment of the discussion may comply with a conclusion. A summary of evidence and any significant conclusions that have been drawn from the work may be carefully integrated with specific suggestions and recommendations related to the study can be given here.
Conflict of Interests
The authors must declare any kind of conflict of interest in their research. Your statements should be placed at the end of your manuscript, after acknowledgments, and before the references. This part should have a heading: Statement of Conflicting Interests. If there is no statement, in your article under this heading will be printed ‘None Stated’. Conversely, you may prefer to express that. For example The Author(s) state(s) that there is no conflict of interest.

When you make a statement, please bear in mind that the disclosure information needs to be specific and include any financial relationship that exists among authors of the article and any supporting institute and the for-profit interests the institute signifies as well as any for-profit product which is discussed or implicitly mentioned in the article. Any marketable or monetary contributions that may signify the presence of a conflict of interest should be made known in the covering letter that goes with your article to help the Editor decide if you have made adequate disclosure in the Statement of Conflicting Interests you provide in your article.

Authors’ Contributions
All authors' contributions to the research process need to appear in this section.
Example of Author contribution: AB and CD conceived the ideas. AB, CD and EF designed methodology; AB collected the material; AB, CD and GH described the material; AB, CD, EF and GH led the writing of the manuscript. All authors contributed critically to the drafts and gave final approval for publication.
Acknowledgments of the research institutions, companies, governmental bodies, or people who have contributed or financially supported the research, should be typed in a single paragraph directly who lack the necessary conditions for authorship. For example, you may acknowledge those who only provided technical help, those who assisted you in writing, or any authority who helped you merely through general support. Preceding the References. The ‘Acknowledgements’ section should include a list of any contributors Authors are required to mention if they have been helped in writing and should disclose the identity of the party that has paid for this help.
All authors are asked to report their funding regularly and under a separate heading. Otherwise, you need to affirm that: “this research received no specific grant from any funding agencies
All the research articles are required to have a funding acknowledgment in the form of the sentence below. The name of the funding agency must be written in full, followed by the grant number in square brackets: For example: This work was supported by the Tarbiat Modares University [grant number xxx].

In case the paper has various grant numbers, they should be divided by comma and space. If the research was financed by numerous agencies, the different agencies should be mentioned in the acknowledgment, separated by semi-colon, with ‘and’ before the final name, as follows: “This work was supported by the Tarbiat Modares University [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad [grant number zzzz]; and the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology [grant number aaaa]”.

Occasionally, a research is not funded by a particular project funding, but from the block grant and other resources of a university, college or other research institution. In cases where no specific granting has been provided, researchers are required to use the following sentence: “This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

The accuracy of all references needs to be checked by the author. Authors need to ensure that the cited references in the text match with the list of references at the end of the article.
The authors can use the Reference Manager Softwares, following this (Endnote) Template - prepared by Z. Rahmani.
Quick guide for References (Harvard Reference Style)
Citations in the text
References should be cited in the text by the last name(s) of the author(s) and year of publication as shown in the Table.
Type of reference Examples of citations
Citing one author (Spradbery, 1970)
According to Spradbery (1970)…
Citing two authors (Mauss & Müller, 2014)
According to Mauss and Müller (2014) …
Citing three or more authors (Choi et al., 2013)
According to Sedivy et al. (2008)…
Citations by the same author and same year (Rakhshani et al., 2008a, 2008b)
Multiple references cited in the same sentence (Jones et al., 2004a, 2004b; Coyle & Gandhi, 2012; Tabata et al., 2015)
It is also acceptable to use ‘et al.’ after the first author if the work has three authors.

Reference list
The references should be listed alphabetically. The references published by the same author(s) should be sorted chronologically. The list of References should be included after the final section of the main article body. Multiple papers by the same author published in one year should be ordered as they appear in the text and indicated by single-letter after year (e.g. 2008a, 2008b, 2008c). It is strongly recommended to check each citation in the text against the references and vice-versa to ensure that they match exactly. Authors are encouraged to cite only published, significant and up-to-date references in their papers. Before submitting, it is desirable to add a DOI (digital object identifier) for the cited papers, wherever possible (visit the following link: For the papers in other languages than English (and other languages with Latin alphabet) but having a translated English summary, title, or abstract, cite the “original” translation. If there is no such translation, use an English translation in brackets [ ] and indicate the original language in parenthesis (e.g., Chinese, Persian, Russian) at the end. Issue numbers (in parenthesis) can be ignored, except in the cases where the separate issues were numbered separately or appeared in different years. The author and year of description for each taxon should be separated by a comma when cited in the text, but only listed in large monographs and taxonomic revisions.

Journal titles should be italicized and unabbreviated. Please note the journal titles and volume numbers are followed by a comma ","; page ranges are connected by “n dash”, not hyphen “-”, which is used to connect two words. Hyphens are used to link words such as personal names while n dash “-” (the length of an 'n') is used to link the spans like sizes, dates, and page numbers (e.g., 1999–2011; figs 4–8; pp. 372–379; 1.5–2.5X).

Quicke, D.L.J. (2015) The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps. Biology, Systematic, Evolution and Ecology. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester. 681 p. + 63pl.

Book chapter
Sharkey, M.J. & Wharton, R.A. (1997) Morphology and terminology. In: Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J. (eds.) Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication 1., International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington DC, pp. 19–37.
Journal articles
Peris-Felipo, F.J., Belokobylskij, S.A. & Jiménez-Peydró, R. (2014) Revision of the western Palaearctic species of the genus Dinotrema Foerster, 1862 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Zootaxa, 3885 (1), 1–483.
Articles in Conferences/Proceedings
Bandani, A.R., Rasoulian, G., Kharazi-Pakdel, A., Esmaili, M. & Azmayeshfard, P. (1993) Cereal aphids and their hymenopterous parasites in Sistan region. In: Ahoonmanesh, A., Kharazi, A., Rahimian, H. & Baiat, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 11th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 1993, 28 August – 2 September, RashtIran. Ministry of Agriculture, Tehran, pp. 4–5.
Internet resources
Magowski, W. (2017) Fauna Europaea: Acariformes, Tarsonemoidea. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from:  [Accessed 15th June 2017].
Yu, D.S., Van Achterberg, C. & Horstmann, K. (2016) World Ichneumonoidea. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. Taxapad (Scientific names for information management) Interactive catalogue, Available from: [Accessed 27th April 2020].
Aarvik, L.E. (2017) Fauna Europaea: Tortricidae. In: Karsholt, O. & Nieukerken, E.J. van (2017) Fauna Europaea: Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea version 06. Available from:  [Accessed 15th June 2020].
The citation year is the last update on the internet website.
Thesis and Dissertations
Ceballo, F.A.A. (2002) An investigation into why Coccidoxenoides peregrinus (Timberlake) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is an ineffective biological control agent in Queensland citrus (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation), School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland.
Try to avoid citation of Thesis and Dissertations since they are considered as unpublished data

Tables, Figures and their captions
All tables and figures together with their captions appear after references within the same file. The captions should be comprehensible without reading the manuscripts. Original files of the figures in high quality should be sent via email ( or uploaded via web transfer hosts (DropBox, WeTransfer, GoogleDrive, etc…), after acceptance.
Figures and figure legends
All illustrations, including photographs, graphs, drawings, and maps are treated as figures, even if they are arranged in plates. All figures should be referenced consecutively in the manuscript and referred to as “Fig.” or “Figs” in the text. Line drawings are preferred for species description, although high-quality grayscale or color photographs are also acceptable. Line drawings should be scanned at a minimum resolution of 600 dpi (mode: Grayscale) and saved in TIFF format with LZW compression. Each plate (illustration) should be saved as in print size (up to 170×250mm), with some bottom space for figure legends. Magnification must be indicated by scale bars with appropriate units on both drawings and photographs, where appropriate. The color photographs should be originally prepared at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi and saved as a TIFF file (flattened with LZW compression). The illustration files should be named as their content (i.e., Figure01.tif; Figure02.tif). Composites of line drawings, grayscale, and color illustrations have to be prepared as TIFF images at a resolution of 600 dpi and tightly cropped. Lettering or numbering of the figures must be done directly on graphic files and should be in a uniform style.

Use only Arial fonts (in upper case) 8-12 points for labeling or numbering the illustrations. Figures with several parts should be merged into a single plate. Photographs and illustrations of poor quality as well as the poorly assembled plate will not be accepted and will result in a delay in the review and publishing process. The author(s) have to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

Figure legends must be self-explanatory and dependent and should be typed in numerical order and listed after the list of references on a separate sheet. Small illustrations should be grouped into plates. Use Arabic numerals to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts. The legend must include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text. The genus and species names should be kept unabbreviated and followed by the name of author(s) and year of description, separated by a comma. Figure legends should be prepared as follows:

Figures. 1–9. Lysiphlebus orientalis Starý & Rakhshani sp. nov., female paratype (DPPZ): 1. Head and mouthparts, 2. Mesoscutum, 3. Antenna, 4. Forewing, 5. Propodeum, 6. Petiole.
Tables need to be prepared using the "Table" feature of Microsoft Word software. Tables prepared using Excel or other spreadsheet programs are not acceptable. Tables should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals and given at the end of the manuscript. Table formatting should be kept simple as much possible. Tables should also have a title that summarizes the whole table. All abbreviations in the table must be defined in footnotes. Footnote symbols: †, ‡, •, or a, b, c, can be used (in the same order). Statistical measures such as SE should be identified in the headings. Table headings need to be aligned left in all cases such as when they are related to various columns. Number tables sequentially and cite in the manuscripts as Table 1, Table 2, etc. The word ‘Table’ should be written in full. Number the tables in their order of appearance in the manuscript. Rules used for tables must be minimal horizontal to ensure clarity
Tables should have clear titles and explanatory footnotes (labeled with lower-case letters, in alphabetical order). Do not repeat the details provided in the main document.
Submitting supplementary files
TMU Press does not currently accept supplemental files.
After acceptance
A proof will be sent to authors for checking before publication. Alterations other than correction of printer's error will be allowed only at the editor's discretion. Manuscripts after being corrected must be returned to the editorial office within 15 days
TMU Press journals are all open access free journals and the PDF of all their articles will be available after acceptance.