Principles of Transparency

Aim and Scope
Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics (JIBS) is an international peer-reviewed journal accepting original articles and reviews dealing with insects and other arthropods diversity and systematics, both extant and extinct taxa. The scope of articles that we publish includes, but is not limited to: taxonomic revisions, catalogues, monographs, nomenclatural notes, descriptions of the new taxa, applications of biology and anatomy in taxonomy, biodiversity, historical biogeography, phylogeny, evolution, Paleontology, theoretical methodology in systematics, biogeographical distributional patterns as well as regional checklists. The accepted submissions are not restricted to any geographical region and we consider papers in the mentioned areas from all parts of the world. Extensive faunistic revisions on a specific arthropod group throughout a country or wider biogeographical region are highly encouraged.

Entomology, Zoology, Systematic, Taxonomy, New taxa, Arthropods, Insects, Biogeography, Biodiversity, Phylogeny, Paleontology.

Open Access Policy

Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics follows the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing. The Journal contents and the individual articles are freely available to readers without subscriptions or payments through the journal website or its permanent repositories.

Peer-review process
All submitted articles are first evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief and a relevant Subject Editor for the structural and subject criteria of the journal. Those meeting the aims and scope of JIBS, and covering the Editorial criteria/standards, will proceed to subsequent processing. A maximum period of seven days is needed for this preliminary assessment to be conducted. Manuscripts that are scientifically poor/or written in poor English language will not be sent for the peer review process, but resubmissions after thorough corrections may be considered. Similar criteria will be followed for those manuscripts that exhibit Similarity Index >25%.

The peer-review process is double-blind in which the reviewer’s name is unknown to the author and vice versa. So, both authors and reviewers are asked to exclude all identifying information (title page, Author’s contribution, acknowledgements, declaration of competing interests, etc..) over the course of the review process. Each manuscript is reviewed by at least two independent reviewers (experts in the field who are not essentially part of the journal’s editorial staff). The reviewers are selected by the Editorial Board members according to their field of specialities if there is no conflict of interest. Potential reviewers can be suggested by authors, and they have the right to indicate those reviewers with whom they have a conflict of interest at the time of submission.

The results of evaluations by the reviewers are transmitted to the author (s) and they have a period of three months to revise their manuscript (the period can be extended upon the request of the authors). The authors' response to the reviewers' comments is evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief and the subject editor (as final referee) who can be either a member of the Editorial Board or invited. The editorial board and Editor-in-chief will decide which article should be rejected or published. The review process is done as quickly as possible, and the first decision is normally made within 4–6 weeks of submission. After final acceptance, the articles may also be further revised by the Editorial Team members scientifically, structurally, and methodologically. According to article No. 8.5.3. of ICZN, scientific names of all taxons will be registered in ZooBank (The Official Registry of Zoological Nomenclature) by the editorial office before the publication of the accepted papers. A galley proof of paper will be sent to the corresponding author for final confirmation. All authors are responsible for the precision and correctness of the content. All the submitted manuscripts from members of the Editorial Board will be processed within the same way as those from non-members, and authors will be completely unaware of the final evaluation process of their article.

Ownership and management

Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is owned by the Entomological Society of Iran and hosted at Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran as the publisher.

Governing body

Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is under the scientific control of the Editorial Board who are recognized experts in the subject areas within the journal’s scope. Some executive roles of the Editorial Board members are delegated to the Editor-in-Chief who is well-known in the journal’s scope.

Editorial team

Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is under the scientific supervision of the Editorial Team who are all experts with a high number of publications in their field.

Author fees

There are No Fees or page Charges at all for submission, reviewing, and publishing processes in the Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics. Publication of colour figures in the online edition is also free of charge.

Copyright and Licensing
The content of the Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License. To the extent this Public License may be interpreted as a contract, we are granted the Licensed Rights in consideration of your acceptance of these terms and conditions, and the Licensor grants you such rights in consideration of benefits the Licensor receives from making the Licensed Material available under these terms and conditions.

Right of Authors
Authors are allowed to deposit all versions of their paper in their institutional or any other valid repository of their choice. Authors are also permitted and encouraged to share the published version PDF) of their work freely in public repositories or on their institutional website after publication in JIBS. It is the authors’ responsibility to attain permission from copyright holders for copying figures, tables, illustrations, etc. previously published.

Publishing Ethics

Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct
Editors of JIBS are responsible to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. If plagiarism is identified, the COPE guidelines on plagiarism will be followed. See the section Post-publication discussions and corrections, and retraction policies.

Plagiarism is "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's original work. The idea remains problematic with unclear definitions and unclear rules. Plagiarism is not in itself a crime but can constitute copyright infringement. In academia and industry, it is a serious ethical offence. Plagiarism and copyright infringement may overlap to a considerable extent, but they are not equivalent concepts, and many types of plagiarism do not constitute copyright infringement, which is defined by copyright law and may be adjudicated by courts.

Plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) or other breaches in publication are taken seriously in JIBS. The rights of authors are protected and claims of plagiarism or misuse of articles published in the journal are investigated. We use iThenticate (advanced Plagiarism-checking software) in processing the submitted manuscripts to be assured of their originality.  
All types of plagiarism are strictly prohibited. Manuscripts involved in plagiarism will automatically be rejected and the authors will not have the right to submit any new manuscript temporarily (for a period of six months). The Editors and reviewers are strongly prohibited from further processing of such misconduct.

If an article is found to have plagiarized other work or contained third-party copyright material without authorization or adequate acknowledgements, or where authorship of the article is contested, JIBS reserves the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies; removing the article from the journal; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author’s institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; proscription of the author from publication in the journal or proper legal action under the principles of COPE.

Editorial Policies

1. Authorship

All authors must ensure that the submitted manuscript is original, has not been published elsewhere, and is not concurrently under consideration for publication in any other journal. The text, illustrations, tables and all other materials included in the manuscript must not infringe any existing copyright or other rights. If it is needed to reproduce the already published copyright material, e.g., figures, tables, photos, etc., upon the permission of the original author(s). Submitted manuscripts should not violate copyrights, or personal/entity proprietary rights, and they contain no abusive, defamatory, obscene, or fraudulent statements. Duplicated submissions will be immediately rejected. The above-mentioned requirements should be acknowledged and declared within the cover letter at the time of submission (see the sample). The authors should keep a high level of English language of their manuscripts prior to submission. The corresponding author has to be authorized by all co-authors, and he/she is responsible to ensure the accuracy of all details and descriptions before submission (see the sample).

The list of authors should include anyone who has significantly contributed to the writing of the article. The authors/co-authors are  generally someone who fully meets the following conditions: (1) Significant participation in the design or implementation of the article (idea), analysis or interpretation of the data of the article (idea); (2) Helping to correct and edit the article (idea) in response to the reviewers; (3) Final approval of all authors to the published version; (4) Consent to respond to all scientific aspects of the article (idea) to ensure that questions related to the accuracy or correctness of each part of the work are properly reviewed and resolved.

The contribution of each author (with the clear abbreviation of their names) should be clearly stated at the end of the manuscript or in a separate page. Generally accepted definitions can be used for the role(s) of each author, i.e. Administration; Funding acquisition, original drafting, Photography, Review & editing, Sampling and field works, Software and programming, etc..

Relative scientific or professional influences of contributors should be considered while specifying principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits. In accordance with the COPE guidelines, JIBS allows the authors to correct authorship/ correspondence within a submitted/ accepted manuscript before publication, based on the valid reason. All authors – including those to be added or removed – must agree to any proposed changes. Contact the Editorial office of the Journal should you require to request any changes to the authorship list and/or order. A fully completed and signed form is needed to change the authorship.

All authors should explain all the following conditions in their article: ‘Conflict of interest’, ‘Availability of data and material’, ‘Authors' contributions’, ‘Funding’, ‘Ethics approval’, Consent to participate, and ‘Acknowledgement’. As of the beginning of 2022 all the above-mentioned items have been deemed obligatory and required to appear within the published article.

2. Handling the complaints and appeals

JIBS follows COPE Guidelines for handling complaints against the journal, its staff, editorial board or publisher. All appeals should be directed to the Editor-in-Chief, who may decide to seek advice from the Subject Editors or the Editorial Board. If the authors wish to request a journal editor’s decision, please submit a request letter to the journal’s online editorial office. Please explain clearly the basis for an appeal to the editor that why do you disagree with the editor’s and/or reviewers’ decision. The authors have to provide clear responses (new information, new data, any evidence, or conflict of interest) to any comments that contributed to the rejection decision.

3. Conflicts of interests

The articles publishing in the Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics must be accompanied by a conflict of interest statement. This statement must be declared by the authors that they do not have any potential conflicts of interest.  Any direct or indirect financial interests or other situations that led to a potential bias in all scientific or commercial aspects of the work by the various funding personal/institutional sources should be clarified, accordingly. These must be disclosed when it is directly or indirectly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication in JIBS.  It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to inform these issues to the co-authors and to express the statement both in the cover letter to the Editor-in-Chief, in the manuscript, and in the respective form for declaration of Conflict of Interest at the time of submission. A statement is also required that confirms that there is no dispute on the ownership of the data in the articles. This statement has to already be properly attributed via co-authorship or acknowledgements. In the cases that a reviewer suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a submitted manuscript or a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a published article, JIBS will follow COPE’s guidelines.

4. Data sharing and reproducibility
Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics expects the authors to archive all the data from which they published results are derived in a public repository. The accepted manuscripts are required to declare a data availability statement indicating the presence or absence of shared data in the repositories offering guaranteed preservation. The selected repository should follow the “Fair Data Principles” being freely searchable, re-useable and permanently accessible. The statements about shared data should describe how the data can be accessed using a permanent identifier (a DOI, or an accession number) from the repository where the data are shared data. In the case of legal, ethical, commercial, or other reasons prohibiting the data sharing, or when the authors do not intend to share the data then you must provide the appropriate data availability statement.

5. Ethical oversight

COPE’s flowcharts and guidelines are addressed in confronting any ethical misbehavior. The Journal also follows the guidelines mentioned in the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in fields of Medical that these Recommendations was published by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

6. Post-publication discussions and corrections

It is responsibility of the authors, when they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their own published paper to promptly notify the journal Editor. The corrections will be made by the Editor-in-Chief in accordance with the journal’s discretion. The action for correction of article depends on the publication stage. The authors have the right to raise any required corrections during proofreading process, up to three times. The corrections to a published article can also be published under an “addendum” by the subsequent issue of the journal. On the other hand, anyone may inform the Editor-in-Chief and/or Editorial members at any time about a suspected unethical behaviour or any type of misconduct by giving the necessary information/evidence to start an investigation. When a document is presented about a real error or mistake in a published article, the editor and members of the editorial board evaluate all of these documents based on their individual merits. Depending on the extent of error or plagiarism and their impact on the overall integrity of the published study, the original article may be considered for retraction or correction according to the severity of the claimed issue

Editor-in-Chief makes the decision regarding the initiation of an investigation. During an investigation, any evidence will be treated as strictly confidential and only made available to those strictly involved in investigation. The accused will always be given the chance to respond to any charges made against them. Minor misconduct will be dealt directly with those involved in no other parties. The simplest action is to communicate with both authors and reviewers dedicating a warning, regardless of the type of the minor issue and whenever it has occurred. This may be followed by publishing correction of a paper, e.g. when sources properly quoted in the text are omitted from the reference list or Publishing an erratum, e.g. if the error was made by editorial staff.

In the case of Major misconduct, the Editor-in-Chief, in consultation with the Editorial Board, or when needed with a team of experts makes the decision on the basis of available evidence to define the course of action to be taken. The possible outcomes are as follows, which can be used separately or jointly): 1) Publication of a formal announcement or editorial describing the misconduct; 2) Informing officially the author's/reviewer's affiliating institution; 3) The formal, announced retraction of publications from the journal in accordance with the retraction policy; 4) A ban on submissions from an individual for a defined period; 4) Referring a case to a professional organization or legal authority for further investigation and action; 5) Publication of a formal announcement or editorial describing the misconduct.

7. Retraction Policies
Articles subject to clear evidence of major breaches in publication, duplicate publication without proper attribution, fabrication and falsification, failure in disclosing the major conflict of interest, infringed copyright, “plagiarism”, unethical issues in research, unreliable findings and major errors, using data or material that need authorization, bogus claims of authorship, etc. can be considered for “retracting”. Generally, withdrawal or retraction of an accepted to published paper is mainly done in order to correct the errors, and to preserve the integrity of science, but not for the punishment of the author(s).

According to guidelines by COPE, notices about the retraction will be publicly linked to a retracted article(s) with the indication of Title, authors, reasons for retraction, retractor, and politely. The URL to the original article will be retained unchanged, but each page on the source PDF file will be indicated by the watermarked retraction note.

Policies for using Artificial Intelligence
Authors are solely responsible for the originality, accuracy, and integrity of their manuscript and must ensure that it adheres to all of JIBS publication ethics policies. This includes accepting full accountability for any content produced by AI tools and any violations of publication ethics that may occur.

Although AI can contribute to the writing process, it cannot be considered an author of the manuscript and cannot fulfil authorship criteria. AI programs cannot handle conflicts of interest or manage copyright and license agreements.
Text generated from AI, machine learning, or similar algorithmic tools cannot be used in papers published in JIBS. If technology (AI chatbot ChatGPT and other large language models - LLMs) were used in writing the whole or parts of the manuscript and generating the images or graphical elements, it must be clearly disclosed in the “Materials and Methods” or "Acknowledgments" sections. The authors must provide a detailed explanation about which AI tools were used, and how the AI tools were used.
This guideline is in line with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) position statement when using AI or AI-based technology in preparation or generating the manuscript of a scientific paper.


Ethics and responsibilities for the Editors
Manuscripts submitted to the Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics are processed and published on the responsibility of Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board within the determined scopes. The ultimate responsibility for editorial decisions lies with the Editor-in-Chief and/or respective Subject Editor. In the case of the accepted manuscripts, the name of the subject editor appears inside the published paper. Linguistic or copyediting of the manuscript are not expected from the editors, since they have to focus on its scientific aspect, readability, conceptual contents, and the structure for future applicability. Editors are asked not to explain the information of the both reviewers and authors to each other, as well as to others. The same attitude of the editorial board members in evaluating the received manuscript only on the basis of scientific quality and without considering the authors and their organizational affiliation. It is the commitment of the Editor-in-Chief and the subject editors to do the review process of all manuscripts within the specified time. They are also responsible for selecting expert reviewers among all relevant scientists who have no conflict of interest with any of the respective authors.

Assessing the novelty and consistency of the contents within each manuscript should be done by the subject editor. All editors have to strictly avoid disclosing the unpublished information before publication. Changing the order of authors or adding/deleting the name of authors by editors are strictly prohibited (see above for procedures of changes in authorship). Editors have to ensure about completing the review steps and thorough correction for the refereed manuscripts before the acceptance notice.

Code of Ethics in ICZN
Since the scope of the journal is essentially emphasizing the Systematics/taxonomy, all the authors, reviewers and editors should follow the Code of Ethics in ICZN - Appendix A (the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature -, when dealing with issues in zoological nomenclature: 1) Authors proposing new names should observe the following principles (2-7), which together constitute a "Code of Ethics"; 2) A zoologist should not publish a new name if he or she has reason to believe that another person has already recognized the same taxon and intends to establish a name for it (or that the taxon is to be named in a posthumous work). A zoologist in such a position should communicate with the other person (or their representatives) and only feel free to establish a new name if that person has failed to do so in a reasonable period (not less than a year); 3) A zoologist should not publish a new replacement name (a nomen novum) or other substitute name for a junior homonym when the author of the latter is alive; that author should be informed of the homonymy and be allowed a reasonable time (at least a year) in which to establish a substitute name; 4) No author should propose a name that, to his or her knowledge or reasonable belief, would be likely to give offence on any grounds; 5) Intemperate language should not be used in any discussion or writing which involves zoological nomenclature, and all debates should be conducted in a courteous and friendly manner; 6) Editors and others responsible for the publication of zoological papers should avoid publishing any material which appears to them to contain a breach of the above principles; 7) The observation of these principles is a matter for the proper feelings and conscience of individual zoologists, and the Commission is not empowered to investigate or rule upon alleged breaches of them.
Ethics and responsibilities for the Reviewers
The double-blind peer-review process helps us to ensure fair peer reviews free from biased considerations or conflict of interest. In the case of well-known authors, the selected reviewers should even state they have no conflict of interest before accepting the review. Otherwise, he/she should inform the editor and decline to review. Accordingly, the review should not be influenced by the non-scientific issues that come from the origin of the manuscript (ethnical, nationalities, political, religious, etc..). In case of the incompatibility of the subject of the article with the expertise of the reviewers, they must announce it to the editorial office at the earliest possibility. We encourage the invited reviewers to provide some details and accurate information about the area of their expertise. It is clear that the impersonation of another person can be considered serious misconduct. The reviewers are invited to perform accurate and impartial reviews within a certain time period. The comments and suggestions by the reviewers should be explicit, transparent, and non-inflammatory, avoiding derogatory or libellous comments. The insulting or uninformative reports by the reviewer(s) will be rescinded. The reviewers have to strictly avoid disclosing the unpublished information before publication. They also should not use the data/information/ideas obtained from the manuscript for their own and/or third party’s advantages.

Publishing schedule
Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is a quarterly journal that publishes four issues per year.

All the content from the beginning to the end will be available permanently on the JIBS exclusive website. Contents of JIBS are also deposited in SID, MagiranISCScholarArchiveZenodo and Biotaxa.

Revenue sources/Advertising/Direct marketing
Journal of Insect Biodiversity and Systematics is financially supported completely by Tarbiat Modares University and has no other sources for earning funds. JIBS accepts no advertisements on the site or even as a report article. We are trying to promote the published papers widely through email updates, table of contents, email alerts, and postings via social media to increase the visibility and accessibility of each paper. The authors also be individually asked to advertise their published works as long as they wish so.