Reference Style Guide

Format-free submission — To save the valuable time of the researchers we now accept manuscript submissions using a format-free style. It means that you can submit your paper without needing to worry about formatting your manuscript to meet that journal's requirements, yet a consistent text (IMRAD, Introduction, Material and methods, Results, Discussion) and general citation format is acceptable to start the review. Once accepted, then we do the major work of formattings the manuscript to the journal style. At this step, we may ask the authors for some necessary items. If you are yet willing to format your manuscript please follow the instruction.

The accuracy of all references needs to be checked by the author. Authors need to ensure that the cited references in the text match with the list of references at the end of the article.
The authors can use the Reference Manager Software, following this (Endnote) Template - prepared by Z. Rahmani.

Quick guide for References (Harvard Reference Style)
Citations in the text
References should be cited in the text by the last name(s) of the author(s) and year of publication as shown in the Table.

Type of reference Examples of citations
Citing one author (Spradbery, 1970)
According to Spradbery (1970)…
Citing two authors (Mauss & Müller, 2014)
According to Mauss and Müller (2014) …
Citing three or more authors (Choi et al., 2013)
According to Sedivy et al. (2008)…
Citations by the same author and same year (Rakhshani et al., 2008a, 2008b)
Multiple references cited in the same sentence (Jones et al., 2004a, 2004b; Coyle & Gandhi, 2012; Tabata et al., 2015)

Reference list
The references should be listed alphabetically. The references published by the same author(s) should be sorted chronologically. The list of References should be included after the final section of the main article body. Multiple papers by the same author published in one year should be ordered as they appear in the text and indicated by single-letter after year (e.g. 2008a, 2008b, 2008c). It is strongly recommended to check each citation in the text against the references and
vice-versa to ensure that they match exactly. Authors are encouraged to cite only published, significant and up-to-date references in their papers. Before submitting, it is desirable to add a DOI (digital object identifier) for the cited papers, wherever possible (visit the following link: For the papers in other languages than English (and other languages with Latin alphabet) but having a translated English summary, title, or abstract, cite the “original” translation. If there is no such translation, use an English translation in brackets [ ] and indicate the original language in parenthesis (e.g., Chinese, Persian, Russian) at the end. Issue numbers (in parenthesis) can be ignored, except in the cases where the separate issues were numbered separately or appeared in different years. The author and year of description for each taxon should be separated by a comma when cited in the text, but only listed in large monographs and taxonomic revisions.

Journal titles should be italicized and unabbreviated. Please note the journal titles and volume numbers are followed by a comma ","; page ranges are connected by “n dash”, not hyphen “-”, which is used to connect two words. Hyphens are used to link words such as personal names while n dash “-” (the length of an 'n') is used to link the spans like sizes, dates, and page numbers (e.g., 1999–2011; figs 4–8; pp. 372–379; 1.5–2.5X).

Quicke, D.L.J. (2015) The Braconid and Ichneumonid Parasitoid Wasps. Biology, Systematic, Evolution and Ecology. Wiley Blackwell, Chichester. 681 p. + 63pl.

Book chapter
Sharkey, M.J. & Wharton, R.A. (1997) Morphology and terminology. In: Wharton, R.A., Marsh, P.M. & Sharkey, M.J. (eds.) Manual of the New World Genera of the Family Braconidae (Hymenoptera). Special Publication 1., International Society of Hymenopterists, Washington DC, pp. 19–37.
Journal articles
Peris-Felipo, F.J., Belokobylskij, S.A. & Jiménez-Peydró, R. (2014) Revision of the western Palaearctic species of the genus Dinotrema Foerster, 1862 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Alysiinae). Zootaxa, 3885 (1), 1–483.
Articles in Conferences/Proceedings
Bandani, A.R., Rasoulian, G., Kharazi-Pakdel, A., Esmaili, M. & Azmayeshfard, P. (1993) Cereal aphids and their hymenopterous parasites in Sistan region. In: Ahoonmanesh, A., Kharazi, A., Rahimian, H. & Baiat, H. (eds.) Proceedings of the 11th Iranian Plant Protection Congress, 1993, 28 August – 2 September, RashtIran. Ministry of Agriculture, Tehran, pp. 4–5.
Internet resources
Magowski, W. (2017) Fauna Europaea: Acariformes, Tarsonemoidea. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from:  [Accessed 15th June 2017].
Yu, D.S., Van Achterberg, C. & Horstmann, K. (2016) World Ichneumonoidea. Taxonomy, Biology, Morphology and Distribution. Taxapad (Scientific names for information management) Interactive catalogue, Available from: [Accessed 27th April 2020].
Aarvik, L.E. (2017) Fauna Europaea: Tortricidae. In: Karsholt, O. & Nieukerken, E.J. van (2017) Fauna Europaea: Lepidoptera, Moths. Fauna Europaea version 06. Available from:  [Accessed 15th June 2020].
The citation year is the last update on the internet website.
Thesis and Dissertations
Ceballo, F.A.A. (2002) An investigation into why Coccidoxenoides peregrinus (Timberlake) (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae) is an ineffective biological control agent in Queensland citrus (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation), School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland.
Try to avoid citation of Thesis and Dissertations since they are considered as unpublished data