Volume 9, Issue 3 (2023)                   J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2023, 9(3): 483-498 | Back to browse issues page

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Kumar P, Verma A, Gangotia R, Kumar Thakur P. Studies on threat status and food habits of butterflies (Lepidoptera) of Shimla Water Catchment Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India. J. Insect Biodivers. Syst 2023; 9 (3) :483-498
URL: http://jibs.modares.ac.ir/article-36-68801-en.html
1- Forest Protection Division, Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Conifer campus, Panthaghati, Shimla-9, India
2- Forest Protection Division, Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Conifer campus, Panthaghati, Shimla-9, India , anchalverma1401@gmail.com
Abstract:   (606 Views)
The current study gives more information on Lepidoptera (butterfly) diversity and their food plant resources in the conifer woods of Shimla Water Catchment Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh. The study was carried out during the three distinct seasons; summer, monsoon, and autumn from March 2019–April 2022. A total of 1650 butterflies, representing 68 species and 6 families were recorded. The Nymphalidae comprised the greatest number of species (28 species), followed by the Lycaenidae (15), Pieridae (13), Papilionidae (7), Hespiradie (4) and Riodinidae (1). Species abundance and richness were more in mixed forest type which owing water and grass-cover availability supported most unique butterfly assemblages as compared to pure conifers and oak forest. The months from April to November harbor the greatest abundance of species. An overall reduction in species abundance was seen from December through January and until the end of March. This study provides an understanding of butterflies and has inspired additional investigation for the restoration of forest habitats in this protected area. The current study on diversity shows the importance of preserving biodiversity and monitoring climate change. It offers a basic identification, gathers data from a comparative viewpoint, allows synthesis, and develops and stimulates ideas and hypotheses that are applicable to other fields.
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Article Type: Research Article | Subject: Biodiversity
Received: 2023/01/24 | Accepted: 2023/03/30 | Published: 2023/04/30

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